Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province

Coordinates: 31°58′N 50°29′E / 31.967°N 50.483°E / 31.967; 50.483
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Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province
استان چهارمحال و بختیاری
Location of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province in Iran
Location of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province in Iran
Coordinates: 31°58′N 50°29′E / 31.967°N 50.483°E / 31.967; 50.483
RegionRegion 2[1]
CapitalShahr-e Kord
 • Governor-generalGholamali Heydari Soudjani
 • Total16,332 km2 (6,306 sq mi)
 • Total947,763
 • Density58/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+03:30 (IRST)
Main language(s)Luri language
Qashqai Turkish
HDI (2017)0.798[3]
high · 13th

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province (Persian: استان چهارمحال و بختیاری, Ostân-e Čahâr-Mahâl-o Baxtiyârî) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It lies in the southwestern part of the country, with an area of 16,332 square kilometers. Its capital is Shahr-e Kord. At the 2006 census, the province's population was 843,784 in 194,171 households.[4] The following census in 2011 counted 895,263 people in 234,416 households.[5] At the 2016 census, the province's population was 947,763 in 270,434 households.[2]

The province was classified as part of Region 2 upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22, 2014.[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province population history
Administrative Divisions 2006[4] 2011[5] 2016[2]
Ardal County 68,740 53,514 48,880
Ben County1 28,326
Borujen County 113,795 118,681 122,483
Falard County2
Farsan County 90,111 93,941 95,286
Khanmirza County2
Kiar County3 58,047 50,976
Kuhrang County 33,468 35,915 41,535
Lordegan County 175,289 194,783 209,681
Saman County1 34,616
Shahrekord County 362,381 340,382 315,980
Total 843,784 895,263 947,763
1Separated from Shahrekord County
2Separated from Lordegan County
3Separated from Ardal County and Shahrekord County


According to the 2016 census, 607,444 people (over 64% of the population of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province) live in the following cities: Aluni 5,248, Ardal 10,113, Babaheydar 11,202, Bazoft 1,519, Ben 12,971, Boldaji 11,980, Borujen 57,071, Chelgerd 2,989, Cholicheh 4,945, Dashtak 4,016, Dastana 5,143, Faradonbeh 13,317, Farrokh Shahr 31,739, Farsan 30,504, Gahru 6,263, Gandoman 6,291, Gujan 6,179, Hafshejan 21,352, Haruni 3,601, Junqan 14,433, Kaj 4,227, Kian 12,948, Lordegan 40,528, Mal-e Khalifeh 4,024, Manj 1,492, Nafech 4,059, Naghan 6,125, Naqneh 9,923, Pardanjan 8,699, Saman 14,192, Samsami 1,203, Sar Khun 2,131, Sardasht 5,691, Sefiddasht 5,471, Shahr-e Kord 190,441, Shalamzar 6,899, Sudjan 5,581, Sureshjan 12,308, Taqanak 6,170, and Vardanjan 4,456.[2]


Linguistic map of Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari province

Bakhtiāri, which belongs to the Luri language of the Iranian language family, is the province's main language. Bakhtiāri is primarily spoken in the valleys of the higher areas in the western half of the province. It is also spoken in the lower areas around Lordegān in the south, and by speakers who have moved into the cities in the north-east.[6]

In the north-east quarter of the province, people in most cities and villages speak either Chārmahāli (also in the Southwestern branch of Iranian) or Chaharmahali Turkic. Chārmahāli is transitional between Bakhtiari and Persian varieties of Isfahan province, but more similar to the latter. Chārmahāli varieties spoken in cities include Dehkordi (in Shahr-e Kord), Ghafarrokhi (in Farrokh Shahr), Heysheguni (in Hafshejān), and Borujeni (in Borujen). There are also many other varieties of Chārmahāli spoken in rural areas. Most types of Turkic spoken in this province are similar to Qashqa’i of Fars province, but they are transitional to the Āzarbāyjāni (Azerbaijani) language of north-west Iran. The Chārmahāli and Turkic language areas overlap with one another, and in the foothills of the Zagros and in the larger cities, they intermingle with Bakhtiāri as well.[6]

Tehrani-type Persian is now being taught by parents to children as a first language in some parts of the province, with the highest concentrations in the cities.[6]

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Linguistic Composition[7]
language percent
Other, mixed

The Atlas of the Languages of Iran (ALI) published a series of language maps for Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari province, including a point-based and polygon (area-based) language distribution maps, and several linguistic data maps.[6]

Written descriptions of some of the Bakhtiāri varieties in the province.[8][9] and a lexicon of the Bakhtiāri language[10] have also been published.


The province is mainly active in the agriculture sector. Most of the industrial sector is clustered around the center of the province.

The province has the potential to become a vibrant tourist attraction because of its natural resources.[11]

Natural attractions[edit]

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari province is the source and birthplace of many springs, rivers and waterfalls that supply the water of the two great and vital rivers of Zayanderud and Karoon and cause the development of many cities in the country. Natural attractions include Zayanderud river, Zamankhan bridge, Kouhrang 1 Dam, Dime spring, Sheik Ali Khan waterfall, Chama Ice cave, Darkesh varkesh canyon, Rostam Abad Sardab spring, Do Polan, Karoon-4 dam, Darreh Esgh (love valley), Atashgah waterfall, Choghakhor Wetland, Pire Ghar cave, Siasard spring, Helen protected area, Barm spring, Sendegan spring, Tang Sayyad national Park, Parvaz national park, Sarab cave, Gandoman wetland, Zard lime waterfall, Kordikon waterfall.[12]

Colleges and universities[edit]


  1. ^ a b "استان‌های کشور به ۵ منطقه تقسیم شدند". همشهری آنلاین. June 22, 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1395 (2016)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 14. Archived from the original (Excel) on 24 May 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ a b "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 14. Archived from the original (Excel) on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1390 (2011)" (Excel). Iran Data Portal (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 14. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d "Language distribution: Chahar Mahal va Bakhtiari Province". Iran Atlas. Archived from the original on 2017-12-05. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  7. ^ "Language distribution: Chahr Mahal va Bakhtiari Province". 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  8. ^ Khosravi, Abdol’ali. 1996/1375. Guyesh-e Bakhtiāri: Ketāb-e chahārom [Bakhtiari dialect: Fourth book]. Esfahan: Nashr-e Ghazal.
  9. ^ Tāheri, Esfandyār. 2010/1389. Guyesh-e Bakhtiāri-ye Kuhrang [The Bakhtiari dialect of Kuhrang]. Tehran: IHCS Press.
  10. ^ Madadi, Zohrāb. 1996/1375. Vāzhehnāmeh-ye zabān-e Bakhtiāri [Lexicon of the Bakhtiari language]. Tehran & Esfahan: Enteshārāt-e Āyāt.
  11. ^ "Choghakhor to become a tourist hub by 2008". Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  12. ^ "A trip to Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari".
  13. ^ "Islamic Azad University Shahrekord Branch - About Shahrekord". August 15, 2011. Archived from the original on August 15, 2011. Retrieved July 21, 2019.

External links[edit]